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Types of CNC Machining Center

CNC Machining Centers: Machining Centers are commonly used as machine tool in the CNC machines. machining centers are used to operate a wide range of operations. machining centers work is done under the control of programs. Machining center is fixed to a CNC machine to operate different kind of operations by it, CNC machine uses the different type of cutting tools and a wide range of operations by it.

 

CNC machine tool has an Automatic tool changes. Machine center is provided with two or more work tables in this they can perform drilling, milling, reaming etc.

 

Features of Machining Centers In CNC Are As Follows:

This is used to do Two or more works at a time, this reduces the time in changing tool, loading work piece etc.

This is a type of automatic tool changing.

In this there are identical types of parts which are used to make machining the parts by using one-by-one, this is control by the help of the program.

It has an Automatic Position of work material.

 

Three-Axis CNC Profile Machining Center

Three-Axis CNC Profile Machining Center

Features of CNC Turning Centers:

In this it uses different types of tool, it can hold up to 12 tools in it to perform the different type of operations.

There is a high advantage to it because this has a different axis turning center, this can be used to perform different operations at the different axis.

There is also a multi-spindle turning by this work can done as fast as possible, due to the object transformation from one spindle to another spindle is speed.

In this by horizontal turning centers the work on large components is not possible for this purpose vertical turning centers are used to make work on large objects.

 

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Mechanism type of CNC machining center:

The main purpose of the CNC machine center is to reduce production time and advanced mechanisms in the CNC machine center.

ATC (automatic tool changer)

APC (automatic pallet changer)

CNC servo system

Feedback system

Re-circulating ball screw and nut

 

Configuration classification type of CNC machining center:

Horizontal Machine Center

Vertical Machine Centers

Universal Machining Centers

Horizontal Machining Center

 

Four-Axis Profile Machining Center

Four-Axis Profile Machining Center

The machining center has a horizontal spindle and the tool is mounted on the spindle of the machine, usually a single spindle machine with an automatic tool changer. The ATC consists of a replaceable magazine that can store multiple tools and hold approximately 16 to 100 tool capacities. To reduce loading and unloading time, an automatic pallet changer (APC) can be installed.

 

The APC consists of six, eight or more pallets, the workpiece can be set in the pallet, and the machine can be programmed to complete the previous pallet. After working, change another new tray. Different programs may be required for different workpieces. Due to the high material removal rate in the process, the cutting tool volume is usually large, so the tool magazine requires a large position on each tool, and the relative weight is getting heavier. Some machine tools also have additional functions for rotating the entire spindle so that the horizontal axis of the spindle becomes vertical, allowing for different operating techniques.

 

Vertical Machining Center

In this type of machine, multiple jobs can be done in a single setup. Most vertical machining centers have three axes, and some have the function of a spindle head that can be rotated on one or two axes. To process the engraving surface, the vertical machining center is most suitable for the mold and mold processing industry. The main types of vertical machining centers are as follows: walking columns, gantry structures, and multi-spindles.

 

Universal Machine Center

The universal machine center is similar to a horizontal machining center, but the spindle shaft can be continuously tilted from a horizontal position to a vertical position under computer control. The universal machine center consists of five or more axes that allow the top surface of the workpiece to be mounted on a horizontal machining center so that different sides of the workpiece can be machined in one unit.


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